I. Mark Twain (Samuel Langhorne Clemens) Nov. 30, 1835-April 21, 1910
Huckleberry Finn (U.K. Dec. 1884, U.S. Feb. 1885)
U. Va. HF site:
II. The Civil War—A Country Divided
A. Constitution and compromises: faultlines within the State(Our Documents.gov)
Constitution sanctioned slavery (1787)
Missouri Compromise (1820)
Compromise of 1850
Kansas-Nebraska Act 1854
Dred Scott Decision 1857
Emancipation Proclamation (1863)
13th Amendment to
B. Physical division into free and slave states
The Mason-Dixon Line
Free States and Slave States
C Images of the Division
Eastman Johnson, Old Kentucky Home (Negro Life at the South), 1859.
William Sidney Mount, The Power of Music, 1847.
James Clonney, Politicians in a Country Bar, 1844.
James Clonney, Waking Up, 1851.
William Sidney Mount, Farmers Nooning, 1836.
III. General Structure of the Novel
Thomas Hart Benton, A Social History of the State of Missouri: Huckleberry Finn (detail of north wall), 1936, Missouri Department of Natural Resources, Missouri State Museum.
A. Life on the River: A Wigwam on a Raft
George Caleb Bingham, Raftsmen Playing Cards (1847).
George Calem Bingham, The Jolly Flatboatmen, 1846.
B. The Steamboat Crash
C. Life on Shore
D: General Theme: Society vs. the "Social Instinct"
IV. The Main Characters
A. Jim--Slave and Father
1. E. W. Kemble's Jim--The Slave
See Electronic Text Center, University of Virginia, "Imaging "Slavery" in MT's Books"
"Representing Jim 1885-1985" (Electronic Text Center, University of Virginia)
Kemble's own account of his illustrations: from The Colophon: A Book Collectors' Quarterly"Illustrating Huckleberry Finn" (February 1930)
2. The Good Father
Unknown artist, Slave Market, cs. 1850-1860.
Eyre Crowe, Slave Auction in Richmond, Virginia, 1852.
Slave Family Photo, 1861-62
C. The King and the Duke
D. Good Mothers
E. Huck--a "Wild Child"
An Orphan and a Bad Son
Housekeeping on the Raft
"All up with Cairo": Huck's Imaginary Families
The Simms family (1850s)
V. Family, Race, and Conscience
A. The Grangerford/Shepherdson Feud: Family Values
1.The Ideal Home
Lilly Martin Spencer, The Little Navigator, The Little Sunshade 1854
Lilly Martin Spencer, This Little Pig Went to Market, 1857
3. The Death of Buck
4. No Home Like a Raft
B. The Great Escape
David Gilmour Blythe, Street Urchins, 1856-60.
1. Huck Struggles with his Conscience: “Brung up wicked.”
2. "He had a dream . . .and it shot him."